Global Trends to 2035: Geo-politics and international power
In 2015, the European Strategy and Policy Analysis System (ESPAS) launched its report “Global Trends to 2030: Can the EU meet the challenges ahead?” This report aims to update and extend that report by including developments that have occurred in European and global geopolitics since then, and will project developments out to 2035.
By paying attention to longer-term trend development, how breakthrough technologies may be overhyped, and the reinforcing intersection of trends, this report attempts to avoid the cognitive trap of placing too much emphasis on the most high-profile events that emerged at the time of its writing. Nonetheless, there are some major stories that, despite being relatively recent, could have major long-term implications for Europe.
ORBIS is powered by ESPAS, the European Strategy and Policy Analysis System, a unique inter-institutional project aimed at strengthening the EU's efforts in the crucial area of forward planning. ESPAS brings together the European Commission, the European Parliament, the Secretariat General of the Council of the European Union and the European External Action Service to strengthen the Union's collective administrative capacity to identify and analyse the key trends and challenges, and the resulting policy choices, which are likely to confront Europe and the wider world in the decades ahead.