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China's Social Development

China and developing Asia: the big picture

Date of Editorial Board meeting: 
Publication date: 
Wednesday, January 1, 2014
Abstract in English: 
The Chinese empire prospered during the middle ages, albeit largely isolated from the rest of the World. This isolation had a side effect though, as China completely missed the opportunity of the Industrial Revolution. At its peak, near the beginning of the 19th century, China accounted for almost one third of the global economy. However, after the defeat from the British, during the two Opium Wars, the Chinese Empire and its economy collapsed to a mere 5% contribution to global GDP, by the mid 20th century. It remained near this level until Deng Xiaoping assumed power in 1977 and began growing ever since. Now this contribution exceeds 17%, a level similar to the one it had in 1870, indicating an economic cycle closing after more than a century.
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China 2030: Building a modern, harmonious and creative society

Title Original Language: 
2030 年的中国: 建设现代" 和谐" 有创造力的社
Abstract Original Language: 
This overview, followed by five supporting reports, identifies these challenges of tomorrow, points to key choices ahead, and recommends not just ‘what’ needs to be reformed, but ‘how’ to undertake the reforms. The overview is divided into nine chapters. The first chapter examines the characteristics of China’s development since 1978; considers future opportunities, challenges, and risks; and describes a vision of China in the year 2030. The second chapter maps a new strategy that will realize this vision, focusing on the key choices ahead for China to sustain rapid economic and social development and become a modern, harmonious, and creative high-income society before 2030. Chapters three to eight elaborate on each of the six pillars of the new strategy: consolidating China’s market foundations; enhancing innovation; promoting green development; ensuring equality of opportunity and social protection for all; strengthening public finances; and achieving mutually beneficial win-win relations between China and the rest of the world. The ninth and final chapter addresses implementation challenges, including the sequencing of reforms and overcoming obstacles that are likely to emerge.
Original Language: 
Date of Editorial Board meeting: 
Publication date: 
Saturday, March 23, 2013
Abstract in English: 
This overview, followed by five supporting reports, identifies these challenges of tomorrow, points to key choices ahead, and recommends not just ‘what’ needs to be reformed, but ‘how’ to undertake the reforms. The overview is divided into nine chapters. The first chapter examines the characteristics of China’s development since 1978; considers future opportunities, challenges, and risks; and describes a vision of China in the year 2030. The second chapter maps a new strategy that will realize this vision, focusing on the key choices ahead for China to sustain rapid economic and social development and become a modern, harmonious, and creative high-income society before 2030. Chapters three to eight elaborate on each of the six pillars of the new strategy: consolidating China’s market foundations; enhancing innovation; promoting green development; ensuring equality of opportunity and social protection for all; strengthening public finances; and achieving mutually beneficial win-win relations between China and the rest of the world. The ninth and final chapter addresses implementation challenges, including the sequencing of reforms and overcoming obstacles that are likely to emerge.
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